Do Some Preparation Work for An Emergency
Like having insurance for your car and home, preparing your family for an emergency is important for their safety and security. There are many different types of emergencies and they are based on the area in the world that you live in. No matter what the emergency happens to be you want to make sure that you home are ready to survive that emergency and it will take certain items to get there. There are things that you can do to survive and emergency or at least ride it out until the crisis is over. The more prepared you happen to be, the safer you and your family will be.
Since there are many different types of emergencies you will want to make sure you and your family are prepared for the possible ones that can affect your area. The most common are power outages. Some last mere minutes, some hours and sometimes in rare situations they can go on for days. There are also earthquakes, tornadoes, hurricanes, floods, dust storms or sand storms, fires, and snow storms. These are all in different parts of the world, but preparing for each one is similar and starts with some basic tips.
An emergency kit is a must in the house, but not just one. There should be an emergency kit for each member of the house and it should contain some basic items that can get you through an emergency for several days if needed. They don’t need to be stored in anything special but one of the best things to use is an under bed storage container. This is a plastic rectangular storage container with wheels on one side that slides under the bed. This keeps it out of the way, but where each person can get to it if there is an emergency. There are basic things that every emergency kit will need and there are specific items as well. Those items include the following:
2-3 1 liter bottles of water.2 cans of soup.2 cups of noodle soup (ramen noodles, cup o noodles)3 cereal bars or granola bars1 pack of dried fruit2 cans of fruit in water or syrup1 pack of nuts (peanuts or almonds) for protein(MRE’s can be substituted if you want, or are able to. These are meals ready to eat.)1-2 cans of sterno (this can be used as a heat source and for cooking)1 roll of toilet paper1 pack of matches3-4 candles1 set of camping silverware1 collapsible cup1 emergency blanket1 flashlight1 battery operated radio or hand crank radioSet of batteries of every size you might need for flashlight and radio
There are other items you could add to your emergency kit such as a pack of cards, small puzzle books or something else to pass the time. You will want to replace all food yearly as it will expire and this way everything stays fresh. With each person having their own kit you can live out an emergency for a few days. You can pack a larger kit or more water which is essential in the garage or basement of the house. Think of 1 gallon of water per person per day, for drinking, and washing. You can purchase water barrels that can hold 25 gallons of water or more at hardware stores.
Drills for the family
Just like the kids do in school, and they might be more familiar with it than you are, emergency drills are important so your family knows what to do, where to meet, and how to act during an emergency situation. You will want to practice different scenarios with your family, maybe once a month, and perhaps at least once a year in the middle of the night to test them. Pick a meeting place and make sure your kids always know their address, your phone numbers and which neighbors could be counted on if they needed help and you are not around. You will want to educate them on how to climb out a window, how to crawl on the ground to avoid smoke, which furniture is best to duck under in case of an earthquake, which corner of the basement to stay in during a tornado or hurricane, and where all the emergency equipment happens to be.
What to do
If an emergency does occur the first thing you have to do, and this sounds selfish, but you need to take care of yourself first. Sacrificing yourself to try and save someone else does no good to the person you are saving if they don’t know what to do afterwards. Make sure you are ok and then help those who need help the most such as your family. If you know the neighbors and can help them without hurting yourself or your family in the process than do so. If the situation is an extreme one, and sometimes they can be, make sure you keep calm, especially in front of your family as they will look to you for strength and guidance. If you have everything in place you will be more confident in your survival and that of your family as well. Tell stories or play games to pass the time and take the situation off the mind of little ones. Turn the radio on and look for a signal in case it is wide spread. Use your batteries sparingly, but your flashlight can be used as a signal as well as a source of light.